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What Causes Neck and Lower Back Pain After An Accident?

The tremendous physical forces of rapid acceleration and sudden deceleration, as well as impact within the passenger compartment of a car — even in low-speed impacts — frequently stress the neuromuscular and skeletal systems of the body to such a degree that pain and injury result.

Anyone can be the victim of an accident. An accident may occur even to the most competent driver. Many times, accidents are the results of someone hitting you or sometimes it is the attempt to avoid an accident. The actual impact of the car and force may be detrimental to your body.

Seat belts are great for assisting in bracing the impact. The reality is that the strong force of another car or object is very likely to affect your body. Large and even seemingly “minor” accidents, in terms of the speed of the vehicles, the force of the impact or the extent of the damage, can cause some type of injury. The most common injury is to the neck or back.

Common Types of Neck and Back Pain

Neck and lower back pain are the most common after an accident. Generally, this type of pain is known as “whiplash.” The severity of the whiplash can impact one’s total bodily functions. The spine is jarred because of the jerking motion. Frequently, automobile injuries consist of lacerations, fractures, and bruises. Those injuries are typically visible or can be diagnosed at the time of the accident, (for example, a fracture or broken bone may require an x-ray), whereas whiplash or neck and back injuries may time some period of time to be felt. Such whiplash and neck and back injuries may take time depending on the force of impact of the accident and other variables. The primary injury to the spine is normally the facet joint and disc injuries.

Type of Injury to the Lower Back

The primary injury to the lower back is to the spine. Injury to the lower back may consist of excruciating and debilitating pain. Recovery time varies greatly, depending, for example, upon the individual involved and the specifics of the injury. The spine consists of three major components which are: cervical vertebrae (neck), thoracic vertebrae (upper back), and lumbar vertebrae (lower back). Injuries to the spine can involve muscles, tendons, discs, nerves and ligaments that were in some manner harmed as a result of the forces generated in the accident.

Lumbar Spine

Lower back pain is associated with the lumbar spine. Injury to this part of the body may restrict your movement and may present with bruising, swelling, and tenderness. Most accident victims who experience injury to the lumbar spine suffer a significant reduction in their quality of life as they attempt to perform daily activities.

Herniated Discs

Herniated discs are frequently suffered by accidents victims. Discs are essential in acting as cushions that separate the vertebrae and protect the spine. A disc that displaces may be referred to as a herniated disc. The impact of the herniated discs places undue pressure on the spine and surrounding nerves. The pain caused by herniated discs consists of intense pain in the lower back that may be accompanied by numbness in legs.

Treatment Types for Lower Back Pain

There are various treatments that may be applied depending on the nature of the accident. The speed and force of the accident will dictate the degree to which various treatment plans will occur. The type of treatment will vary along with the extent of damage from the accident. The list below provides some general treatment for either the neck or lower back.

  • Medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Chiropractic
  • Acupuncture
  • Strengthening Exercise
  • Surgery

Surgical Relief

The pain of an accident can be severe. The severity of the impact can cause permanent injuries that may require surgery for either the neck or back. Surgery is dependent upon the nature and extent of your injury. There are several types of surgery for neck and lower back pain which consist of the following:

  • Spinal laminectomy
  • Foraminotomy
  • Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty
  • Spinal fusion
  • Artificial disc replacement

Need for Personal Injury Attorney

Our attorneys limit our practice to cases involving personal injuries. We understand the pain and agony of dealing with an accident. We are dedicated to our clients, and our goal is to provide the best legal representation. It is our goal to service our clients with zeal while being attentive to their needs. The mission of our law firm is to achieve the best possible resolution for the injured client. The best time to contact us is now. Please give us a call today at (516) 932 0400 for a free consultation.

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