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What Happens When A Car Hits You From Behind In New York?

When a car hits you from behind in New York , you may suffer a whiplash injury, which is a common injury in this type of collision. Whiplash can affect your upper back, neck, and shoulders, preventing you from returning to work, and thereby affecting your ability to provide for your family, pay your rent/mortgage, and cover medical expenses.

New York is a No-Fault State, So Your Insurance Company Will Cover Costs

New York is a no-fault state, which means that your insurance company will reimburse (or, once you have given your medical treatment provider(s) an Assignment of Benefits), cover you for certain costs related to your accident, regardless of who caused it.

Under New York’s no-fault system, your insurer will pay, up to a minimum $50,000.00 limit:

  • All medical costs
  • For up to three years,  80% of lost wages, up to $2,000/month
  • Other accident-related expenses (For example, transportation to and from medical treatment, home-aide, etc.,) up to $25/day for up to one year following the accident)

You have 30 days from the date of the car accident in which to file a claim for benefits with your insurance provider.

Reaching a No-Fault Threshold to Sue the At-Fault Driver for Personal Injury

In almost all cases, a rear-end collision is found to be the fault of the trailing vehicle, not the leading vehicle.

Because New York is a no-fault state, you would first turn to your insurance company for payment of your medical costs, etc.

If you want to pursue legal action against the driver who rear-ended your vehicle, demanding recovery of damages beyond what your insurance company has paid in the form of No-Fault Benefits, you will need to prove that you have sustained a level of injury that meets what is referred to as the no-fault threshold.

The no-fault threshold in New York requires proof that your economic losses from your accident exceeded $50,000.

You can also meet New York’s no-fault threshold if your accident caused you “serious injuries,” as defined in the state’s insurance statutes.

Understanding New York’s Definition of “Serious Injury”

According to New York Insurance Law § 5102(d), “serious injury” pertains to a personal injury that results in any of the following:

  • Death
  • Dismemberment
  • Significant disfigurement
  • Fracture
  • Loss of a fetus
  • Permanent loss of a body organ, member, function, or system
  • Permanent limitation of a body organ, member, function, or system
  • Significant limitation of use of a body function or system
  • Medically determined injury that prevents the victim from experiencing typical daily activities for at least 90 days within 180 days after the accident

When a rear-end collision causes the death of a family member or loved one, you have the right to pursue a wrongful death action.  We will prosecute such a case on your behalf, with compassion and total dedication to obtain the justice you deserve.

Steps to Filing a Civil Lawsuit

If you qualify to pursue a personal injury lawsuit, and you plan to embark down this path, here is a preview of what the plaintiff in such a case typically undertakes:

  • Prove NegligenceAny personal injury lawsuit requires that the plaintiff prove four things:
    1. Establish that the defendant had a duty of care to take reasonable steps to keep you from harm (as all motorists do)
    2. Prove that the defendant failed to fulfill this duty
    3. Illustrate how this failure caused your accident
    4. Prove that the accident caused your injuries and other damages
  • Gather EvidenceCollect medical records, police reports, photos, videos, witness accounts, work records, etc., to help prove that the defendant failed to take reasonable steps to keep other motorists safe and that his failure caused him or her to rear-end your vehicle
  • Collaborate With ExpertsDepending upon the particular circumstances of your unique case, solicit  opinions and testimonies from economists and experts (medical, vocational, and life planning) to depict how the accident caused your injuries that ultimately led to the damages you are seeking to recover
  • Calculate DamagesItemize how your injuries have, do, and will continue to affect you economically and non-economically.  and extrapolate meaningful numbers that accurately represent the extent of your damages.
  • Present Your Damages to the At-Fault Party’s Insurer – Compose a demand letter to the offending driver’s insurance company, listing your damages. and negotiate with the insurer to get to the best possible
  • File a Lawsuit in Civil Court – If the at-fault driver’s insurance company does not agree to an appropriate settlement, file a personal injury lawsuit in civil court.
  • We do all this and more for you!

Friedman & Simon, L.L.P. Will Handle Every Step in Your Rear-End Collision Case

The legal team at Friedman & Simon, L.L.P. will help you navigate your rear-end collision, proving your “serious injuries” and tackling every step in your personal injury lawsuit. Our multilingual staff can work with you in Greek, English, Spanish, Tamil, Bengali, and Kannada. We are happy to meet you on Long Island or elsewhere in the New York Metropolitan area to discuss your case. And remember, we do not charge you unless and until you are compensated. Call 516-932-0400 today for a no-charge, no-obligation consultation.

Contact Friedman & Simon, L.L.P.


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